CONCEPT OF A MATERIAL MASTER
The material master is used to store all the data for a material in SAP. This data is made available to other transactions and modules such as inventory management, production planning, shipping and quality management as and when required by SAP via the inter-module integration. The material master stores information pertaining to all the materials that are used by a company code, whether it is manufactured in the company code or the company code simply deals in trading of that material. The material master contains the following data sets:
- GENERAL DATA: The general data consists of the material name, material description, weight, etc. The general data contains general information about the material which is made available across the various models in SAP.
- PLANT DATA: The plant data includes information about the material related to the plant where it is available. It includes information about storage conditions, hazardous conditions, unit of issue, shelf life data, etc.
- SALES DATA: The sales data includes information which is required at the time of the sale of the material. It includes information like the costing of the material, valuation of the material, pricing of the material, stock availability, etc.
The total data for the material master is stored in multiple tables. The general data pertaining to a material is stored in the MARA table while the plant data is stored in the MARC table. The sales data for the material is stored in the MVKE table. All these tables are accessed for information about the vendor by the FI and the SD module.
FIGURE 1 (MATERIAL MASTER DATA TABLES)